In some climates, choosing a heat pump for your cooling and heating needs offers an energy efficient alternative to separate furnace and air conditioner equipment. Although heat pumps do have limitations, in extremely cold weather especially, steps can be followed to keep your unit operating at peak efficiency while extending your heat pump’s operational lifespan.
If you should experience difficulties with your heat pump, performing some basic checks should be the first thing you do as a homeowner. Whether your unit is not properly warming or cooling your home or has a noisy blower fan, problems can often be corrected with simple maintenance tasks.
It’s important to regularly replace your heat pump’s air filter. By replacing a dirty filter, your heat pump’s performance will likely improve as a result of increased air flow, delivering smoother operation of the mechanical parts within your unit. Also, your indoor air quality (IAQ) will improve as contaminants on a dirty filter will no longer re-circulate within your home.
A check of your heat pump’s coils and fans for dust and dirt is the next place to look when troubleshooting. Dirty coils can damage the compressor within your heat pump and keeping your unit clean, and the vegetation around the outdoor pump portion trimmed, is an excellent way to keep your heat pump in top operating condition.
Still experiencing trouble after your initial corrections? Then its time to contact a professional who can perform the following steps:
- A complete inspection of your system’s fans and blowers, ductwork, coils, etc. to check for dust, dirt, leaks, etc.
- Verify adequate airflow within your HVAC system.
- Ensure your heat pump’s refrigerant level is full and is not leaking.
- Correct any electrical connection issues.
- Lubricate moving parts.
- Examine the system’s thermostat.